This image taken from one of our lecture slides elaborates on the process of signification.

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We learned in the beginning of the course that the core elements of semiotics are the components of the sign, which are the signifier (a word or thing) and the signified (concept or meaning). As we approached the end of the semester we started to understand the relationship between the two and what it means in broader terms. The signified embodies a general category, an abstract concept open to many interpretations; the signifier is a phenomenon and the form in which the sign takes. Humans are able to manipulate the signifier and put it into categories; and this is what separates human beings from animals, is our ability to make the process of categorization explicit.

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